In this specially curated walk, we shall explore and study the special temple-making style of Khakara, that was used to create the Vaital Temple. At a point in time, temple architecture reached a mature stage wherein the Kalinga architectural style became prevalent. Temple styles such as Rekha, Pidha and Khakhara were employed for construction. The Rekha style became the standard plan for the sanctum, while the Pidha style became the plan for the porch hall or Jagamohana. Khakhara was unique in its style and has not been mentioned in other Shilpasastras of India.

The Vaital Temple has been constructed in the Khakhara architectural style and is the earliest temple of Bhubaneswar. The temple goes back to the reign of Suvakar I between AD 805 and 814. The name ‘Vaital’ is derived from the word ‘vetala’ or spirit. The enshrined goddess has been defined in various texts as Kapalini. Kapalikas and tantriks used to offer human and animal sacrifices to the vetala for the fulfilment of their desires.

This guided tour is free

Event Partner


Walk Leader
Mr. Nituranjan Dash
He has completed his M.Sc. and M.Phil. degrees in Sociocultural Anthropology from the University of Delhi. With a keen interest in visual anthropology, he travels to different places for the purpose of documentation. He recently submitted his M.Phil. dissertation titled 'The Sacred Complex of Virajakshetra', wherein he explored the temple traditions and cultural heritage of the ancient district of Jajpur, Odisha. Besides Jajpur, he has also carried out extensive research on Baital (the triple-headed Shakti temple in Bhubaneswar) and Sisupalgarh (the ruined fortifications of the Neolithic period in Bhubaneswar)