Who are we Indians? Where did we come from? Many of us believe our ancestors have lived in South Asia since ‘time immemorial’. But, as it turns out, ‘time immemorial’ may not have been all that long ago. To tell us the story of our ancestry, journalist Tony Joseph goes 65,000 years into the past – when a band of modern humans, or Homo sapiens, first made their way from Africa into the Indian subcontinent. Citing recent DNA evidence, he traces the subsequent large migrations of modern humans into India – of agriculturalists from Iran between 7000 and 3000 bce and pastoralists from the Central Asian Steppe between 2000 and 1000 bce, among others.